Decree Law No. 82/2021
- Issuer: Presidency of the Council of Ministers
- Diploma Type: Decree Law
- Number: 82/2021
- Pages: 2 - 47
Summary in plain english
This decree-law creates the Integrated Management System for Rural Fires (SGIFR) in mainland Portugal and establishes its operating rules.What is going to change?
The SGIFR is an integrated structure for preventing and fighting rural fires.
It is based on a planning and execution system that involves all the entities responsible in this area, including the Agency for Integrated Management of Rural Fires (AGIF), which ensures its strategic coordination.
The competences and scopes of action of each entity are defined, under the strategic coordination of AGIF, which is based on the principle of knowledge specialisation.
Two intervention axes are defined: protection against rural fires, coordinated by the ANEPC, and management of rural fires, coordinated by the Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas, I.P. [Institute of Nature and Forests Conservation].
It establishes standards and procedures for institutional articulation in the integrated management of rural fire, organisation and intervention, relative to the different phases of the process chain (planning, preparation, prevention, pre-suppression, suppression and relief and post-event).
A governance, planning and execution model is established, structured by NUT territorial units, which involves all entities responsible in this area.Governance
The governance of the SGIFR is carried out through Integrated Management of Rural Fires Commissions, responsible for each of the territorial levels: national, regional (North, Centre, Lisbon and Tagus Valley, Alentejo and Algarve), sub-regional and municipal.
These commissions are responsible for the implementation of the integrated management strategy for rural fires, the articulation of the rural fire management programmes and the protection of communities against rural fires.Planning
The contents of the various planning instruments for the integrated management of rural fires are defined at national, regional, sub-regional and municipal level.
The integrated management of rural fires relies on planning based on the National Plan for Integrated Management of Rural Fires (PNGIFR) which is operationalised in national, regional and sub-regional action programmes and in municipal execution programmes.
The PNGIFR is a multi-year plan, prepared by the Agency for Integrated Management of Rural Fires (AGIF), which defines the vision, mission and policies for rural fire management and rural fire protection across the rural fire process chain. It is composed of the:
- National Action Programme (PNA);
- Process chain.
The PNA, drawn up by AGIF, defines the major national projects, by strategic objective, indicating the entities with responsibility for their execution and the necessary resources, including financial resources.
The PNA serves as a basis for the regional action programmes that, in turn, organise and define the sub-regional and municipal action.Information management
An information system on rural fires is created in order to aggregate and disseminate all relevant technical information on the SGIFR, supporting the planning, prevention and decision support process on rural fires, as well as the monitoring tasks of the activities, goals and indicators of the SGIFR.
It is a model based on risk prevention and minimisation, either through awareness-raising actions or by establishing territorial defence networks, in which fuel management plays a leading role, with repercussions on the sanctions framework.
The risk management mechanisms will be improved, based on:
- rural fire hazard mapping, in accordance with the characteristics of the territories;
- rural fire risk mapping, which identifies the presence of tangible and intangible economic value, guides policies for safeguarding people and property, and helps define intervention priorities; and
- the verification and communication of the rural fire hazard situation at each moment and in each municipality.
The prevention mechanisms associated to the defence networks are reinforced, namely the fuel management duties and the duties associated to the road, surveillance and water point networks.What advantages does it bring?
It makes all stages of the firefighting management system process chain more efficient and effective, with the main focus on the prevention, suppression and rescue phases, through measures that are appropriate to each local context but articulated under a common strategy.When does it enter into force?
This decree-law enters into force on 1 January 2022.
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