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Decree Law No. 78/2021

Publication: Republic Diary No. 187/2021, Series I of 2021-09-24
  • Issuer: Presidency of the Council of Ministers
  • Diploma Type: Decree Law
  • Number: 78/2021
  • Pages: 3 - 27

Summary in plain english

What is it?

Approves the decree-law that transposes the European Directive on the reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment, prohibiting the placing on the market of various single-use plastic products as well as products made of oxo-degradable plastic.

What is going to change?

The diploma foresees the prohibition of the placing on the market of certain single-use plastic products and products made of oxo-degradable plastic, as foreseen in the Directive.

Given the need to reduce the consumption of two types of single-use products - Drinking cups and Food containers intended for immediate consumption or ready-to-eat - as set out in the Directive, the following national targets for consumption reduction are foreseen:

    • By 31 December 2026, a reduction in consumption of 80% compared to 2022;
    • By 31 December 2030, a 90% reduction in consumption compared to 2022.

To ensure these targets are met, measures are foreseen in the diploma. For example:

    • as from 1 January 2024, establishments providing ready-to-eat, take-away or home-delivered packaged meals using certain single-use plastic products are obliged to make reusable alternatives available to their customers by charging a deposit to be returned upon return of the packaging.

For the rest, the following is specifically provided for:

- Design requirements for beverage containers, essentially bottles;

- Targets for incorporating recycled plastic in beverages bottles;

- Marking requirements for some single-use plastic products;

- National targets for selective collection of bottles;

- That producers placing certain single-use plastic products and fishing gear on the market promote information and awareness campaigns for consumers and users of these products with the aim of promoting responsible consumer behaviour on their part and reducing waste from these products.

What advantages does it bring?

Ambitious and sustained reduction in the consumption of single-use plastic products.

This diploma also aims to:

    • Avoid replacing one disposable product with another, adopting measures that promote reusable alternatives.
When does it enter into force?

This decree-law enters into force on 1 November 2021.

Original Version


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Legislative consolidation integrates the various amendments and rectifications made into an original legal diploma in order to make its consultation more accessible to the citizen.