Decree Law No. 120/2019
- Issuer: Presidency of the Council of Ministers
- Diploma Type: Decree Law
- Number: 120/2019
- Pages: 32 - 39
Summary in plain english
This decree-law amends the rules of the scheme for the installation and exploitation of new forest biomass centrals.
The biomass central is the installation aimed for the production of electrical and thermal energy, which uses biomass as fuel.
“Agricultural biomass” is the remaining material of the agricultural activity and agri-food industry (for instance, corn, wheat), of rice, orchards, olive grooves, vineyards and also prevenient from the farming exploitations.
“Residual forest biomass”, the biodegradable fraction of the products and waste resulting from the forest installation, management and exploitation (blocks, bushes, roots, leaves, branches and pecks), of the woody material resulting from phytosanitary cuts and forest defence measures against fires, and of the control of areas with woody invasive species, excluding the remainders from the wood transformation industries (namely shells, remains, scraps and sawdust).What is going to change?
The injection power on the public service electric network to be assigned is limited. In the mainland, it cannot be higher than 60 MW and, for each central, the maximum is 10 MW (before, the value was 15 MW).
The dimensioning of the biomass centrals must privilege the production of thermal energy to the detriment of the electrical energy.
The requests for the installation and exploitation of biomass centrals provided for under the decree-law are submitted to the General Directorate for Energy and Geology during the first quarter of 2020.Who can request the installation and exploitation of biomass centrals?
- The municipalities;
- The intermunicipal communities;
- The associations of municipalities for specific purposes;
- Public or private entities to which the municipalities, intermunicipal communities or associations of municipalities had granted such right, through a public contract.
The installation of biomass centrals observes certain requirements, which must be jointly verified.
The electricity generated by the biomass centrals and injected on the public service electrical network (RESP) is paid to the price of the Iberian Electricity Market, plus the remuneration supplements approved by the European Committee pursuant to the EU rules regarding state subsidies, which are in force for 15 years.
The electrical energy injected in the RESP is acquired by the Last Resort Trader (CUR), through a contract to be entered with the producer.What advantages does it bring?
This decree-law allows to reinforce the biomass’s energetic valuation, increasing the product of energy from renewable sources, to promote the maximum energetic efficiency of the biomass centrals, contributing for the decarbonization of the energy product, for an improvement on the land management and planning and fight against forest fires.When does it enter into force?
This decree-law enters into force on the day following its publication.